Chromium is a trace element that is essential to human health. Only small amounts of the substance are needed. Nevertheless, if a deficiency occurs, it has a negative impact on the body’s ability to process sugar and carbohydrates, and properly respond to insulin. The latter is a hormone produced by an organ called the pancreas, and its primary role is to ensure that blood sugar is available as a basic fuel for cell activity. If metabolic function or blood sugar levels are influenced in a negative way, it can make it difficult for one to lose weight or process carbohydrates. For this reason, certain individuals decide to add chromium to their diets. Niacin-bound chromium supplements are the best choice in this category, and these include a Chromium Polynicotinate supplement and a Chromemate blend.
Approximately 60 percent of Americans have a mild chromium deficiency (see chromium deficiency), which many experts believe is due to low absorption of chromium and the intake of processed foods. Foods that are highly processed lose much of their organic minerals and nutrients, leaving a deficiency in the diet of the average American.
Furthermore, chromium is associated with a low absorption rate. This means that even those who eat organic foods and ingest enough chromium may not absorb adequate amounts. The amount of chromium absorbed in humans decreases even more as individuals age. Therefore, any person over 40 years old is at particular risk for low chromium levels. Those with a severe deficiency are at a higher risk for metabolic syndrome and type II diabetes.
Chromium is also essential in controlling the glycation (sometimes called non-enzymatic glycosylation is the result of typically covalent bonding of a protein or lipid molecule with a sugar molecule, such as fructose or glucose, without the controlling action of an enzyme. All blood sugars are reducing molecules. wikipedia) process, which is an improper breaking down of sticky enzymes that can lead to optic nerve destruction, diabetes induced kidney failure and diabetic neuropathy.
Chromium and Metabolism
Chromium is important to a properly functioning thyroid gland and a healthy metabolism. Certain individuals who fail to lose weight despite exercising and dieting on a regular basis may be suffering from this type of deficiency without their knowledge. In many cases, such individuals simply give up on their weight loss goals, as they feel they are putting out a tremendous amount of effort for little or no results.
Fortunately, Chromium Polynicotinate and Chromemate Supplement blends are available in health food stores, vitamin shops and you can also buy online. Such supplements have been studied since the late 1990s and scientists and other health researchers have determined that such supplements support normal cholesterol levels, healthy blood sugar levels, and proper metabolic function. For this reason, those with weight loss concerns or who suspect that a chromium deficiency may be causing metabolic dysfunction should speak to a health care practitioner about the possibility of adding chromium supplements to their diet.